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  1. Various imaging modalities play a role in diagnosing parasitic infections of the eye. We describe the spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings of an intravitreal parasite with subsequent ...

    Authors: Aziz A. Khanifar, Michael J. Espiritu, Jane S. Myung, Grant D. Aaker, Audrey N. Schuetz, Donald J. D’Amico and R. V. Paul Chan

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:33

    Content type: Brief report

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  2. Endogenous endophthalmitis is an ophthalmic emergency that can have severe sight-threatening complications. It is often a diagnostic challenge because it can manifest at any age and is associated with a number...

    Authors: Mohammad Ali Sadiq, Muhammad Hassan, Aniruddha Agarwal, Salman Sarwar, Shafak Toufeeq, Mohamed K. Soliman, Mostafa Hanout, Yasir Jamal Sepah, Diana V. Do and Quan Dong Nguyen

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:32

    Content type: Review

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  3. A 79-year-old female with a 2-month history of newly diagnosed myelodysplastic syndrome for which she received blood transfusion with darbepoetin alfa presented with bilateral anterior uveitis 1 day after her ...

    Authors: Jonathan Li, Stephen E. Orlin, Karen E. Revere and John H. Kempen

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:31

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  4. Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma that rarely metastasizes to the iris and the anterior segment. Blastic/pleomorphic morphology is thought to have an adverse effect ...

    Authors: Aniruddha Agarwal, Mohammad Ali Sadiq, William R. Rhoades, Loren S. Jack, Mostafa Hanout, Philip J. Bierman, William W. West and Quan Dong Nguyen

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:30

    Content type: Brief Report

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  5. Inflammation is a well-known risk factor for the development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV), yet not all causes of intraocular inflammation have been documented to cause CNV. Tubulointerstitial nephriti...

    Authors: Hans Barron Heymann, Daniel Colon and Manjot K. Gill

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:29

    Content type: Brief report

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  6. Listeria monocytogenes is a rare cause of endogenous endophthalmitis. In the limited number of reported Listeria endophthalmitis cases, visual acuity outcomes have been very poor.

    Authors: Adam C. Weber, Ashleigh L. Levison, Sunil K. Srivastava and Careen Y. Lowder

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:28

    Content type: Brief report

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  7. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is a granulomatous panuveitis, usually involving both eyes at the same time or within a few days or weeks. Acute and chronic diseases are characterized by distinct clinical f...

    Authors: Sana Khochtali, Nesrine Abroug, Mohamed Salah Hani, Imen Khairallah-Ksiaa, Bechir Jelliti and Moncef Khairallah

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:27

    Content type: Brief Report

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  8. Ocular syphilis is reemerging as an important cause of uveitis in the new era of common co-infection with HIV. This study will reveal the clinical and laboratory characteristics in the group of individuals co-...

    Authors: Sun Young Lee, Vincent Cheng, Damien Rodger and Narsing Rao

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:26

    Content type: Original research article

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  9. The study aims to correlate Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) with Goldmann visual field (GVF) to show the photoreceptor (PR) structure and function relationship in the first described case ...

    Authors: Nisreen K Mesiwala, Nathan Shemonski, Michelle G Sandrian, Ryan Shelton, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Hussein A Tawbi, Joel S Schuman, Stephen A Boppart and Leanne T Labriola

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:25

    Content type: Brief report

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  10. Toxoplasmosis is a relatively rare complication in renal transplant patients and can pose diagnostic challenges, especially when it manifests as an ocular inflammation. Authors hereby report an unusual case of...

    Authors: Ruchi Mittal, Gabrielle Thumann, George Souteyrand, David Kuerten and Sarah E. Coupland

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:23

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  11. Choroidal neovascularization during the active stage of Toxoplasma retinochoroiditis is an uncommon clinical presentation. The authors retrospectively reviewed medical charts of patients with coexisting choroidal...

    Authors: Sharat Hegde, Nidhi Relhan, Avinash Pathengay, Abhishek Bawdekar, Himadri Choudhury, Animesh Jindal and Harry W Flynn Jr

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:22

    Content type: Brief report

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  12. We report a case of paradoxical worsening of tuberculous chorioretinitis after initiation of anti-tuberculous therapy (ATT). The patient had left panuveitis with tuberculous chorioretinitis and was started on ...

    Authors: Rosalynn Grace Siantar, Su Ling Ho and Rupesh Agrawal

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:21

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  13. At present, there is no standard of treatment using systemic high-dose corticosteroids in cases of pregnant women with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. Although high-dose systemic corticosteroid treatment i...

    Authors: Keijiro Sugita, Kyoichi Mizumoto, Nahoko Kato and Masahiro Zako

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:20

    Content type: Brief report

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  14. This study was done to evaluate the visual and anatomical outcomes of topical regenerating agents as a novel therapy for neutrophic corneal ulcer (NCU) secondary to acanthamoeba infection.

    Authors: Antonio Mateo, Beatriz Abadía, Pilar Calvo, Enrique Minguez, Luis Pablo and José Manuel Benitez del Castillo

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:18

    Content type: Brief report

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  15. We report a case of severe bilateral panuveitis during melanoma therapy with a combination of Dabrafenib, a B-raf (BRAF) inhibitor, and Trametinib, a mitogen/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK) inhibit...

    Authors: Dafina Draganova, Joseph Kerger, Laure Caspers and François Willermain

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:17

    Content type: Brief report

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  16. Syphilis is a multisystem bacterial infection caused by Treponema pallidum. The incidence of infection in the United States has risen by more than 75% since the year 2000, when it was at a low of 2.1 per 100,000 ...

    Authors: Christy Elizabeth Benson, Mohamed Kamel Soliman, Alexander Knezevic, Daisy Ding Xu, Quan Dong Nguyen and Diana V Do

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:16

    Content type: Brief report

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  17. IgG4-associated orbital and ocular inflammation is a relatively unknown entity characterized by sclerosing inflammation with infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells. Some so-called idiopathic inflammation s...

    Authors: Cecilia S Lee, George J Harocopos, Courtney L Kraus, Aaron Y Lee, Gregory P Van Stavern, Steven M Couch and P Kumar Rao

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:15

    Content type: Brief report

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  18. Tuberculous endophthalmitis is very rare with only 18 reports published worldwide and only a few cases in Japan. We report a case of tuberculous endophthalmitis successfully treated with vitrectomy followed by...

    Authors: Keitaro Hase, Kenichi Namba, Wataru Saito, Shigeaki Ohno and Susumu Ishida

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:14

    Content type: Brief report

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  19. The National Eye Institute 39-Question Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-39) is an indicator of vision-related quality of life (QoL). The NEI VFQ-39 is used to assess the QoL in patients with non-infectio...

    Authors: Erin M Vigil, Yasir Jamal Sepah, Anthony L Watters, Mohammad A Sadiq, Mehreen Ansari, Millena G Bittencourt, Mohamed A Ibrahim, Diana V Do and Quan Dong Nguyen

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:13

    Content type: Original research

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  20. A 65-year-old woman presented to the emergency ward at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary with 2 days of redness, irritation, photophobia, and diminished vision in her left eye. She was found to have a la...

    Authors: James A Stefater, Durga S Borkar and James Chodosh

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:9

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  21. Scleritis may be the initial or only presenting feature of systemic, autoimmune, or infectious disorders. Corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment for immune-mediated scleritis. However, steroids could pr...

    Authors: Sufiyan I Shaikh, Jyotirmay Biswas and Pukhraj Rishi

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:8

    Content type: Brief report

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  22. We report a case of birdshot chorioretinopathy (BSCR) in a patient with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). A 40-year-old male with history of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy with significant...

    Authors: Evangelia Papavasileiou and Ann-Marie Lobo

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:7

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  23. The purpose of this case report is to present a novel cause of crystalline maculopathy.

    Authors: Chris Or, Andrew W Kirker and Farzin Forooghian

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:5

    Content type: Brief report

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  24. Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis [TINU] syndrome is a rare disorder that may also be underdiagnosed. Patients with TINU syndrome typically present with an acute bilateral nongranulomatous anterior uvei...

    Authors: Kenan Barut, Turkay Rzayev, Nur Canpolat, Yasemin Ozluk, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun and Ozgur Kasapcopur

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:3

    Content type: Brief report

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  25. Acute maculopathy is a rare condition of unknown aetiology and Coxsackie virus is known to be associated with this macular chorioretinitis.

    Authors: Rupesh Agrawal, Kanchan Bhan, Kam Balaggan, Richard WJ Lee, Carlos E Pavesio and Peter KF Addison

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:2

    Content type: Brief report

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  26. The purpose of this study is to describe a patient who was diagnosed with granulomatosis with polyangiitis based on conjunctival biopsy. This study is a case report and review of the literature.

    Authors: Roxana Ursea, Dawn De Castro, Trent J Bowen and Chi-Chao Chan

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2015 5:1

    Content type: Brief report

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  27. Herpetic anterior uveitis is a frequent cause of infectious uveitis. A definite diagnosis is obtained by anterior chamber puncture and polymerase chain reaction, an invasive procedure. We hypothesized that pat...

    Authors: Alexandra B Knoll, Andreea S Postole, Gerd U Auffarth and Friederike Mackensen

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:31

    Content type: Original research

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  28. Birdshot chorioretinitis (BSCR) is a rare ocular inflammatory disorder associated with HLA-A29 and characterized by bilateral choroidal lesions, vitritis, macular edema, and retinal vasculitis. Ocular inflamma...

    Authors: Zeina Haddad and Ashvini Reddy

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:28

    Content type: Brief report

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  29. The term multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis (MSC) has been proposed for the infective variant of serpiginous choroiditis (SC) to distinguish it from typical SC believed to be autoimmune related. The role of Mycob...

    Authors: Sachin B Shetty, Jyotirmay Biswas and Sowmiya Murali

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:29

    Content type: Brief report

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  30. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?) is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine associated with a variety of ocular diseases. The currently available TNF-? inhibitors are etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab, goli...

    Authors: Isabel Pascual-Camps, Pablo Hernández-Martínez, Laura Monje-Fernández, Rosa Dolz-Marco, Roberto Gallego-Pinazo, Lihteh Wu, J Fernando Arévalo and Manuel Díaz-Llopis

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:26

    Content type: Review

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  31. The aims of the study are to assess the prevalence of bacteremia during dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) and to assess whether there is a need for post-operative prophylaxis. Prospective interventional study of 52 ...

    Authors: Mohammad Javed Ali, Anuradha Ayyar, Swapna R Motukupally, Savitri Sharma and Milind N Naik

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:27

    Content type: Original research

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  32. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the retinal and choroidal thickness of the macular region in patients with unilateral relentless placoid chorioretinitis (RPC) and macular involvement. Patients diagnos...

    Authors: Rosa Dolz-Marco, Álvaro Rodríguez-Ratín, Pablo Hernández-Martínez, Isabel Pascual-Camps, María Andreu-Fenoll and Roberto Gallego-Pinazo

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:24

    Content type: Original research

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  33. Ocular and extraocular immune-mediated phenomena are known to occur following febrile illness. Vasculitis, retinitis and neurosensory detachment are not well-recognized sequelae of typhoid fever.

    Authors: Nidhi Relhan, Avinash Pathengay, Thomas Albini, Krishna Priya, Subhadra Jalali and Harry W Flynn

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:23

    Content type: Brief report

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  34. Ocular complications of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) may lead to substantial visual impairment. The purpose of this study was to characterize and analyze ocular involvement and visual outcome of HZO in pat...

    Authors: Rim Kahloun, Sonia Attia, Bechir Jelliti, Ahmed Zakaria Attia, Sana Khochtali, Salim Ben Yahia, Sonia Zaouali and Moncef Khairallah

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:25

    Content type: Original research

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  35. Intravitreal antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment in the management of infectious endophthalmitis. Basic knowledge of the commonly used intravitreal antibiotics, which includes their pharmacokinetics, hal...

    Authors: Medikonda Radhika, Kopal Mithal, Abhishek Bawdekar, Vivek Dave, Animesh Jindal, Nidhi Relhan, Thomas Albini, Avinash Pathengay and Harry W Flynn

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:22

    Content type: Review

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  36. Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis is a well-known immunologic cutaneous reaction. There are few case reports of ocular leishmaniasis. It is a sight-threatening condition that needs to be rapidly recognized a...

    Authors: Simon Couture, Rupesh Agrawal, Kate Woods, Diana Lockwood, Carlos E Pavesio and Peter K F Addison

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:21

    Content type: Brief report

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  37. Choroidal thickness (CTh) and choroidal vessel diameter (VD) in the Haler’s layer were evaluated as markers of inflammatory insult in non-infectious uveitis (NIU). Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography ...

    Authors: Millena G Bittencourt, Saleema Kherani, Daniel A Ferraz, Mehreen Ansari, Humzah Nasir, Yasir J Sepah, Mostafa Hanout, Diana V Do and Quan Dong Nguyen

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:14

    Content type: Original research

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  38. Understanding the changes that occur in the choroid is of paramount importance in various uveitis entities. B-scan ultrasonography and indocyanine green angiography can be used to study choroid. Currently, spe...

    Authors: Padmamalini Mahendradas, Sumukh Madhu, Ankush Kawali, Indu Govindaraj, Poornachandra B Gowda, Anand Vinekar, Naren Shetty, Rohit Shetty and Bhujang K Shetty

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:18

    Content type: Original research

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  39. The aim of this study was to identify the main features of a cohort of Caucasian patients with idiopathic (I) and systemic disease-associated (SDA) autoimmune uveitis (AU) who were followed up at a single tert...

    Authors: Marcella Prete, Silvana Guerriero, Rosanna Dammacco, Maria Celeste Fatone, Angelo Vacca, Francesco Dammacco and Vito Racanelli

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:17

    Content type: Original research

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  40. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is a systemic autoimmune disorder against melanocytes. Recent studies have identified multiple genetic factors that might be associated with the pathogenesis of VKH disease. ...

    Authors: Joanne YW Ng, Fiona OJ Luk, Timothy YY Lai and Chi-Pui Pang

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:20

    Content type: Review

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  41. Silicone oil continues to be an important aid in retinal detachment surgery. We report a case in which disparate responses to silicone oil were noted in the conjunctiva and intraocularly. Intraocularly, the oi...

    Authors: Aubrey L Gilbert, Frederick A Jakobiec, James Chodosh and Dean Eliott

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:15

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  42. A 21-year-old female patient had chorioretinitis in the left eye which relapsed while being on anti-tubercular treatment and oral corticosteroids leading to blindness and the loss of the left eye.

    Authors: Manisha Agarwal, Vivek Jha and Jyotirmay Biswas

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2014 4:13

    Content type: Brief report

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