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  1. Content type: Review

    Sympathetic ophthalmia is a rare bilateral granulomatous inflammation that follows accidental or surgical insult to the uvea of one eye. Onset of sympathetic ophthalmia can be insidious or acute, with recurren...

    Authors: Xi K Chu and Chi-Chao Chan

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:49

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  2. Content type: Review

    The purpose of this study is to review the literature on the risk of malignancy in patients with inflammatory eye disease (IED) treated with systemic immunosuppressive (IS) therapy. Relevant databases in trans...

    Authors: William B Yates, Peter J McCluskey and Denis Wakefield

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:48

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  3. Content type: Original research

    Collagen cross linking (CXL) of the cornea has been developed recently as a new treatment for multidrug-resistant infectious keratitis. The aim of this study is to summarize the previously published data and e...

    Authors: Jorge L Alio, Alessandro Abbouda, David Diaz Valle, Jose M Benitez del Castillo and Jose A Gegundez Fernandez

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:47

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  4. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the microbiological profile and treatment outcomes of vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive bacterial endophthalmitis. Medical records of all patients with Gram-positive b...

    Authors: Manav Khera, Avinash Pathengay, Animesh Jindal, Subhadra Jalali, Annie Mathai, Rajeev Reddy Pappuru, Nidhi Relhan, Taraprasad Das, Savitri Sharma and Harry W Flynn

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:46

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  5. Content type: Brief report

    Endogenous endophthalmitis secondary to Nocardia species is extremely rare but often portends a poor visual prognosis often owing to the advanced nature of disease at presentation and delay in diagnosis. Patients...

    Authors: Megan Scott, Sonia Mehta, Hassan T Rahman, Hans E Grossniklaus and Steven Yeh

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:44

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  6. Content type: Review

    A number of medications have been associated with uveitis. This review highlights both well-established and recently reported systemic, topical, intraocular, and vaccine-associated causes of drug-induced uveit...

    Authors: Nikolas JS London, Sunir J Garg, Ramana S Moorthy and Emmett T Cunningham Jr

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:43

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  7. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The emergence of antibiotic-resistant organisms among severe ocular infections is of grave concern. We describe the first reported case of vancomycin-resistant enterococcal endophthalmitis following ocular tra...

    Authors: Roxane J Hillier, Parnian Arjmand, Gabriel Rebick, Mario Ostrowski and Rajeev H Muni

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:42

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  8. Content type: Brief report

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease and sympathetic ophthalmia (SO) are both autoimmune disorders targeting melanin-bearing cells, even though their etiologies are different. Both shared many ocular and systemi...

    Authors: Chiu-Tung Chuang, Po-Sian Huang, Shih-Chou Chen and Shwu-Jiuan Sheu

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:41

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  9. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of this study is to report the efficacy of azithromycin 1.5% eye drops in children with ocular rosacea and phlyctenular blepharokeratoconjunctivitis. This retrospective study from January 2009 to M...

    Authors: Serge Doan, Eric Gabison, Frédéric Chiambaretta, Melissa Touati and Isabelle Cochereau

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:38

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  10. Content type: Brief report

    The purpose of this study was to report the case of a patient with bilateral panuveitis who was found to have a rarely reported intraocular fungus, Aspergillus conicus. A 40-year-old man presented with gradual vi...

    Authors: Wendy M Smith, Gary Fahle, Robert B Nussenblatt and Hatice Nida Sen

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:37

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  11. Content type: Brief report

    A 50-year-old male was diagnosed to have a right eye sclerouveitis and left eye granulomatous anterior uveitis due to Hansen's disease. We are reporting the anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT...

    Authors: Padmamalini Mahendradas, Kavitha Avadhani, Sarika Ramachandran, Sahana Srinivas, Madhavi Naik and K Bhujang Shetty

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:36

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  12. Content type: Review

    Chikungunya is a self-limited, systemic viral infection that has been a major health problem since the past few years. Ocular manifestations of the disease have become more prevalent in the recent years. Curre...

    Authors: Padmamalini Mahendradas, Kavitha Avadhani and Rohit Shetty

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:35

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  13. Content type: Review

    The occurrence of a macular hole due to posterior uveitis is infrequently reported. We report the evolution of three cases of macular holes secondary to posterior segment inflammation. A complete inflammatory ...

    Authors: Nicolas Bonnin, Pierre-Loïc Cornut, Florian Chaise, Elodie Labeille, Helene Janin Manificat, Audrey Feldman, Laurent Perard, Franck Bacin, Frédéric Chiambaretta and Carole Burillon

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:34

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  14. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ocular tolerability and efficacy of sirolimus administered as subconjunctival or intravitreal injections in patients with non-infectious uveitis. Sirolimus as a The...

    Authors: Quan Dong Nguyen, Mohamed A Ibrahim, Anthony Watters, Millena Bittencourt, Jithin Yohannan, Yasir J Sepah, James P Dunn, Joel Naor, Naveed Shams, Ovais Shaikh, Henry Alexander Leder and Diana V Do

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:32

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  15. Content type: Brief report

    We report the case of an 81-year-old woman with a history of radial keratotomy 9 years prior who developed endophthalmitis without preceding keratitis 4 days after uneventful photorefractive keratectomy surger...

    Authors: Peter A Karth and John W Karth

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:31

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  16. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of this study is to describe and quantify the benefit of ultra-wide-field imaging and fluorescein angiography (FA) in the management of non-infectious retinal vasculitis. In this prospective observ...

    Authors: Henry A Leder, John P Campbell, Yasir J Sepah, Theresa Gan, James P Dunn, Elham Hatef, Brian Cho, Mohamed Ibrahim, Millena Bittencourt, Roomasa Channa, Diana V Do and Quan Dong Nguyen

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:30

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  17. Content type: Brief report

    The purpose of this study is to report a previously undescribed clinical entity resembling acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) but with an atypical, panretinal and diffuse presen...

    Authors: Kevin R Baxter and E Mitchel Opremcak

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:29

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  18. Content type: Review

    Endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) is a rare but devastating infection that occurs secondary to seeding of the intraocular cavity from an extraocular focus. Recent reports suggest the increasing prevalence and in...

    Authors: Amir H Kashani and Dean Eliott

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:28

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  19. Content type: Brief report

    The purpose of this report is to present a case of optic and vestibulocochlear neuropathy as a manifestation of concurrent HIV and syphilis coinfection. This is an interventional case report of a 37-year-old m...

    Authors: Ignacio Rodríguez-Uña, Mercedes Serrador-García, Enrique Santos-Bueso, David Díaz-Valle and Julián García-Feijóo

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:27

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  20. Content type: Original research

    The objective of this study was to report the use of multi-targeted polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the diagnosis of presumed tubercular uveitis. Multi-targeted PCR using three targets specific for Mycobacteri...

    Authors: Kusum Sharma, Vishali Gupta, Reema Bansal, Aman Sharma, Meera Sharma and Amod Gupta

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:25

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  21. Content type: Brief report

    Herein, we present the case of a young female patient with keratoconus, who was subjected twice to repeat keratoplasty, and each time, she experienced a corneal graft failure.

    Authors: Zisis Gatzioufas, Andrea Hasenfus, Balasz Gyongyossy, Evangelos Stavridis, Marlies Sauter, Sigrun Smola and Berthold Seitz

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:24

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  22. Content type: Brief report

    Toxoplasma retinochoroiditis can have an atypical presentation and be difficult to diagnose in immunocompromised patients. Accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment is important since the disease can be aggre...

    Authors: Albert Hazan, Rakesh M Patel, David Levinson, Umar Mian and David C Gritz

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:23

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  23. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of this research is to compare the histological and immunohistochemical changes induced by fixed combinations of timolol maleate and prostaglandin analogues in the rabbit conjunctiva. Thirty left e...

    Authors: Nubia Vanessa Lima de Faria, Heloisa Helena Russ, Palloma Rose, Lucia Noronha, Paulo Augusto Mello, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira and Sebastião Cronemberger Sobrinho

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:22

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  24. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of the study is to describe the clinical course and treatment of idiopathic retinitis, vasculitis, aneurysms and neuroretinitis. The study utilized non-randomized, retrospective and interventional ...

    Authors: Alexander Rouvas, Eleni Nikita, Nikos Markomichelakis, Panagiotis Theodossiadis and Nikolaos Pharmakakis

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:21

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  25. Content type: Brief report

    Infectious crystalline keratopathy is commonly caused by Streptococcus viridans and other gram positive organisms. We present the first case of infectious crystalline keratopathy that developed into a corneal ulc...

    Authors: Yannis M Paulus and Glenn C Cockerham

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:20

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  26. Content type: Brief report

    We are reporting a case of granulomatous panuveitis in the right eye following penetrating injury to the left eye.

    Authors: Padmamalini Mahendradas, Kavitha Avadhani, Bhanumathi Madhavarao, Anand Vinekar, Kodandaramaiah Sahana, Rohit Shetty and Bhujang K Shetty

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:19

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  27. Content type: Original research

    Five of 7 (71%) elderly immunocompetent patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis had retinal arteriolar occlusions versus 2 of 8 (25%) elderly immunocompromised patients and 1 of 19 (5%) younger HIV-infected pa...

    Authors: Janet L Davis, Payman Haft and Kristen Hartley

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:17

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  28. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of this study is to report the clinical features and visual outcome of branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) associated with posterior uveitis. This is a retrospective study including the 18 eyes ...

    Authors: Rim Kahloun, Samah Mbarek, Imen Khairallah-Ksiaa, Bechir Jelliti, Salim Ben Yahia and Moncef Khairallah

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:16

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  29. Content type: Brief report

    This brief report aims to report a case of bilateral macular ischemia as a cause of sudden decreased vision in a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

    Authors: Kiran Turaka, Rahul Reddy, Ashkahn Golshani, Wong Yu Khaw and J Shepard Bryan

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:15

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  30. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of this study is to look for any possible associations in 58 consecutive cases of Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis (FHI) in a South Indian patient population. Fifty-eight consecutive cases (59 eye...

    Authors: Kalpana Babu, Madhura Adiga, Sunil R Govekar, BV Ravi Kumar and Krishna R Murthy

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:14

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  31. Content type: Brief report

    Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a rare complication of intermediate uveitis. Risk factors are not well-characterized. Here, we describe a case of peripapillary CNV in a patient with intermediate uveitis ...

    Authors: Sonia Mehta, Luxme Hariharan, Allen C Ho and John H Kempen

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:13

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  32. Content type: Original research

    This study aims to investigate the role of OX40 ligand (OX40L) in ocular inflammation via abrogation of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-mediated immunosuppression using an in vitro expression approach. OX40L cDN...

    Authors: Matthew A Cunningham, Zhuqing Li, Baoying Liu, Steven Yeh and Robert B Nussenblatt

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:12

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  33. Content type: Review

    Eales' disease, first described by the British ophthalmologist Henry Eales in 1880, is characterized by three overlapping stages of venous inflammation (vasculitis), occlusion, and retinal neovascularization. ...

    Authors: Jyotirmay Biswas, Reesha Karingattil Ravi, Angayarkanni Naryanasamy, Lily Therese Kulandai and Hajib Naraharirao Madhavan

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:11

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  34. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Recent publications have alerted clinicians to a syndrome of uveitic transilluminating iris depigmentation associated with systemic fluoroquinolones and other antibiotics. Bilateral acute iris transilluminatio...

    Authors: Robert M Knape, Fouad E Sayyad and Janet L Davis

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:10

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  35. Content type: Original research

    The aim of this study is to determine the preferences and perspectives regarding the Quantiferon TB Gold test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in India. A survey was distributed among 46 uveitis speciali...

    Authors: Kalpana Babu, Mariamma Philips and Doddaballapur Krishnaswamy Subbakrishna

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:9

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  36. Content type: Original research

    This study aims to evaluate the effect of oral statin medication use on the subsequent development of ocular inflammatory disease (OID). A retrospective nested case–control study was carried out on patient rec...

    Authors: Jacob J Yunker, Gerald McGwin Jr and Russell W Read

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:8

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  37. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of this study is to report the management of non-necrotizing anterior scleritis with a single-dose subconjunctival 0.7 mg dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex®, Allergan, Inc., CA, USA). Six patients wit...

    Authors: Heloisa Nascimento, Maíra França, Luciana Guadalupe García, Cristina Muccioli and Rubens Belfort Jr

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:7

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  38. Content type: Original research

    The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the prevalence, causative organisms, and visual acuity outcome in patients with culture-proven polymicrobial endophthalmitis. The method used in this study is th...

    Authors: Animesh Jindal, Mayur R Moreker, Avinash Pathengay, Manav Khera, Subhadra Jalali, Ajit Majji, Annie Mathai, Savitri Sharma, Taraprasad Das and Harry W Flynn Jr

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:6

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  39. Content type: Brief report

    The purpose of this case report is to describe clinical and angiographic findings of retinal vasculitis in acute Toxocara canis neuroretinitis associated with systemic infection.

    Authors: Cagri G Besirli and Susan G Elner

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:5

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  40. Content type: Brief report

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various linseed oil (LO) preparations (oral, topical, oral and topical combined) in treating experimentally induced keratoconjunctivitis sicca (...

    Authors: Magda Luzia Neves, Letícia Yamasaki, Osimar de Carvalho Sanches, Marcelo Sávio Paiva do Amaral, Helaine Stevanin, Rogério Giuffrida, Eudes Ramalho Candido, Jonatas Eduardo Góes, Luís Felipe da Costa Zulim, Augusto Schweigert, Rosimery Missuzu Fukui, Carlos Collares Meirelles, Carolina Akemi Sasaki and Silvia Franco Andrade

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:4

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  41. Content type: Brief report

    This is a case report of cortical blindness in a HIV-positive patient with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) without any other associated neurological dysfunction.

    Authors: Vijay Ananth Jeyaraman, Sridharan Sudharshan, Ambika Selvakumar, Shika Bassi, Olma Veena Noronha, Poongulali Selvamuthu, Nagalingeshwaran Kumarasamy and Jyotirmay Biswas

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:3

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  42. Content type: Original research

    Ocular lesions in patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have shown changes in disease prevalence and pattern. Although they have been described in the Western population, there are not many ...

    Authors: Sridharan Sudharshan, Sheikh Kaleemunnisha, Akbar Ashraf Banu, Sankaran Shrikrishna, Amala E George, B Rajesh Babu, Bella Devaleenal, Nagalingeshwaran Kumarasamy and Jyotirmay Biswas

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:2

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  43. Content type: Original research

    The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of presumed ocular tuberculosis among diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients in a tertiary government hospital in the Philippines and determine it...

    Authors: Leon Paolo R Lara and Vicente Ocampo Jr

    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013 3:1

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