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Table 2 Laterality, initial and final VA, ocular manifestations, OCT findings, follow-up duration and treatment

From: The clinical spectrum of ocular bartonellosis: a retrospective study at a tertiary centre in Malaysia

Patient No. Lat Eye Initial VA Final VA Ocular manifestations OCT findings Follow up Treatment
1 BE OS
OD
6/7.5
6/20
6/6
6/6
LE neuroretinits & flame haemorrhage (at optic disc margin), BE small retinal white lesions LE SRF under macula & hyperreflective foci within OPL (HE) 23 wks Doxycycline × 6wks
2 BE OS
OD
6/60
6/6
6/60
6/7.5
RE neuroretinitis, LE flame haemorrhage (at optic disc margin), BE small retinal white lesions RE SRF under macula & hyperreflective foci within OPL (HE) 16 wks Ciprofloxacin × 5 wks
Oral Prednisolone × 1mo
3 BE OS
OD
6/15
6/6
RE neuroretinitis & flame haemorrhage (at optic disc margin), LE one small flame haemorrhage at supratemporal arcade, BE small retina white lesions RE hyperreflective foci within OPL (HE), IRF (CMO) & SRF under macula Doxycycline × 6 wks
4 BE OS
OD
CF
6/9
6/9
6/6
RE neuroretinitis, small flame haemorrhage (at optic disc margin) with marked retinal vessels tortuosity & dilatation, BE small retinal white lesions RE SRF under macula & hyperreflective foci within OPL (HE) 9 wks Doxycycline × 9 days Azithromycin ×4 wks
Oral Prednisolone ×  1 mo
5 BE OS
OD
6/6
6/12
6/6
6/6
LE neuroretinitis, BE small retinal white lesions RE hyperreflective RNFL foci (retinitis), hyperreflective foci within OPL (HE) & IRF 7 wks Ciprofloxacin ×3 days
Augmentin × 2wks
6 BE OS
OD
6/30
HM
-
-
BE neuroretinitis and flame haemorrhages (at BE optic disc margin), BE small retina white lesions with marked retinal vessels tortuosity & dilatation (L > R) BE SRF under macula (L > R) & hyperreflective foci within OPL (HE) Doxycycline × 2 wks
7 BE OS
OD
1/60
6/9
6/18
6/9
RE neuroretinitis, flame haemorrhage (at optic disc margin) with marked retinal vessels tortuosity & dilatation, BE small retinal white lesions RE IRF (CMO), SRF under macula & hyperreflective foci within OPL (HE) 6 wks Doxycycline × 6 wks
8 BE OS
OD
6/9
6/9
6/9
6/9
BE Large granulomatous lesions at palpebral conjunctivae 16 wks Erythromycin × 2 wks
9 BE OS
OD
6/9
6/9
6/9
6/9
BE neuroretinitis (partial macular star) & BE small retinal white lesions BE hyperreflective foci within OPL (HE) 36 wks
10 LE OS
OD
6/9
6/9
LE granulomatous follicular conjunctivitis Doxycycline × 1 wk
11 RE OS
OD
6/6
6/6
6/6
6/6
RE granulomatous follicular conjunctivitis 2 wks Doxycycline × 1 wk
12 LE OS
OD
6/6
6/9
6/6
6/9
LE optic disc swelling with vitritis & LE small retinal white lesions LE PVD with hyperreflective spots in vitreous (vitritis) & swollen LE ONH 5 wks Ciprofloxacin × 1 mo
13 BE OS
OD
6/6
6/38
6/6
6/6
LE neuroretinitis, BE small retinal white lesions LE SRF under macula & BE hyperreflective foci within OPL (HE) 8 wks Doxycycline × 6 wks
  1. Lat Laterality, BE Both eyes, RE Right eye, LE Left eye, OS Right eye, OD Left eye, CF Counting finger, HM Hand movement, OCT Optical coherence tomography, SRF Subretinal fluid, OPL Outer plexiform layer, HE Hard exudate, CMO Cystoid macular oedema, IRF Intraretinal fluid, PVD {posterior vitreous detachment, ONH Optic nerve head