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Table 4 Prognostic factors associated with good visual outcomes

From: Endogenous endophthalmitis: a 9-year retrospective study at a tertiary referral hospital in Malaysia

Prognostic factor (referent) Crude odds ratio (95% CI) p valuea Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p valueb
Gender (male)
 Female 2 (0.92, 4.37) 0.079   
Age (0–50 years)
 > 50 years 0.85 (0.39, 1.86) 0.679   
Medical illness (yes)
 No 1.60 (0.55, 4.63) 0.383   
DM (yes)
 No 2.12 (0.93, 4.85) 0.071   
Presenting VA (≥ CF)
 < CF 0.10 (0.04, 0.25) 0.000 0.09 (0.021, 0.384) 0.001
Fundus view (yes)
 No 0.15 (0.06, 0.38) 0.000 0.337 (0.068, 1.675) 0.184
Source of infection (yes)
 No 2.61 (0.93, 7.37) 0.062   
Culture (positive)
 Negative 1.29 (0.54, 3.07) 0.566   
Organism (gram+)
 Gram− 0.965 (0.275–3.386) 0.956   
 Fungal 0.185 (0.019, 1.848) 0.151   
Intravitreal antibiotic (yes)
 No 2.85 (0.62, 13.2) 0.234   
Vitrectomy (yes)
 No 1.13 (0.53–2.41) 0.751   
Early vitrectomy (≤ 2 weeks)
 > 2 weeks 1.69 (0.59–4.82) 0.327   
  1. The clinical summary of patients were summarized in Table 5
  2. aUnivariate logistic regression
  3. bOnly factors associated with good visual outcome in multivariate logistic regression model