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Table 1 Clinical features, treatment modalities, and outcome in adults with chickenpox-associated ocular complications

From: Ocular involvement associated with varicella in adults

Case Gender/age (years) Past medical history Time from skin eruption to ocular symptoms (weeks) Affected eye Initial visual acuity (VA) Ocular findings Treatment Evolution Follow-up (months)
Case 1 Male/39 Kidney transplantation 5 years earlier 3 OU 20/200 (RE)
20/25 (LE)
Kerato-uveitis (RE)
Acute anterior uveitis(LE)
Topical acyclovir
Topical dexamethasone
Atropine 1%
Resolution and then recurrence of uveitis with granulomatous precipitates, patchy iris atrophy and distorted pupil.
Final VA 20/25 OU.
24
Case 2 Male/42 Unremarkable 3 LE 20/20 (RE)
20/25 (LE)
Acute anterior uveitis Topical acyclovir
Topical dexamethasone
Atropine 1%
Resolution of uveitis
Final VA 20/20 (LE)
24
Case 3 Male/33 Unremarkable 3 LE 20/20 (RE)
20/30 (LE)
Acute anterior uveitis Topical dexamethasone
Atropine 1%
Resolution of uveitis
Final VA 20/20 (LE)
12
Case 4 Female/40 Unremarkable 1 OU Count fingers (RE)
20/200 (LE)
Geographic keratitis Intravenous acyclovir and oral steroid Resolution/Recurrence of keratitis with peripheral corneal scars
Final VA 20/25 OU
18
Case 5 Male/35 Unremarkable 3 RE 20/40 (RE)
20/20 (LE)
Acute retinal necrosis Intravenous acyclovir, intravitreal ganciclovir, and oral steroids Resolution of inflammation
Scarring in the peripheral retina
Final VA 20/20 (RE)
18