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Table 2 Baseline demographics

From: Socioeconomic disadvantage and impact on visual outcomes in patients with viral retinitis and retinal detachment

  High ADI Low ADI P value
Number of patients 6 12  
Age at diagnosis of viral retinitis, mean (SD) 38.0 (5.5) 51.3 (15.2) 0.06
Sex
 Male 0 (0%) 6 (50%) 0.03
 Female 6 (100%) 6 (50%)  
Race
 White 1 (17%) 5 (42%) 0.27
 Black 5 (83%) 5 (42%)  
 Not reported 0 (0%) 2 (17%)  
Insurance type
 Private 0 (0%) 7 (58%) 0.07
 Public 3 (50%) 2 (17%)  
 Medicare 3 (50%) 2 (17%)  
 No insurance 0 (0%) 1 (8%)  
Lost to follow-up 1 (17%) 4 (33%) 1.00
Missed appointments, median (IQR) 11.0 (7.8, 13.3) 0.0 (0.0, 1.8) 0.009
Missed appointments due to transportation issues 5 (83%) 4 (33%) 0.13
Bilateral viral retinitis 5 (83%) 6 (50%) 0.32
Bilateral viral retinitis-associated RD 3 (50%) 3 (25%) 0.34
Cause of immune dysfunction    
 Medications 0 (0%) 1 (8%) 0.96
 Malignancy
 Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
0 (0%) 1 (8%)  
  Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma 0 (0%) 1 (8%)  
 HIV 5 (83%) 4 (33%)  
 Systemic Disorder
 Myelodysplastic syndrome
0 (0%) 1 (8%)  
  Sarcoidosis 0 (0%) 1 (8%)  
 None 1 (17%) 3 (25%)  
Patients with HIV 5 (83%) 4 (33%) 0.13
Causative virus
 HSV 0 (0%) 4 (33%) 0.31
 VZV 1 (17%) 1 (8%)  
 CMV 5 (83%) 7 (58%)  
Area of viral retinitis (DAs), mean (SD) 17.6 (11.8) 17.5 (13.5) 0.99
  1. ADI Area Deprivation Index, RD retinal detachment, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, CMV cytomegalovirus, HSV herpes simplex virus, VZV varicella zoster virus, DAs disc areas