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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of antiphospholipid syndrome [6]

From: Current concepts in the diagnosis and management of antiphospholipid syndrome and ocular manifestations

Peripheral thrombosis: Hematological manifestations:
 • Deep venous thrombosis  • Thrombocytopenia
 • Superficial thrombophlebitis in legs  • Hemolytic anemia
 • Arterial thrombosis in legs Gastrointestinal manifestations:
 • Venous thrombosis in arms  • Esophageal ischemia
 • Arterial thrombosis in arms  • Mesenteric ischemia
 • Subclavian vein thrombosis  • Splenic infarction
 • Jugular vein thrombosis Osteo-articular manifestations:
Neurologic manifestations:  • Arthralgia
 • Migraine  • Arthritis
 • Stroke  • Avascular necrosis of bone
 • Transient ischemic attack Cutaneous manifestations:
 • Epilepsy  • Livedo reticularis
 • Multi-infarct dementia  • Ulcers
 • Chorea  • Pseudovasculitic lesions
 • Acute encephalopathy  • Digital gangrene
Pulmonary manifestations:  • Cutaneous necrosis
 • Pulmonary embolism Obstetric manifestations:
 • Pulmonary hypertension  • Preeclampsia
 • Pulmonary microthrombosis  • Eclampsia
Cardiac manifestations:  • Abruptio placentae
 • Valve thickening/dysfunction Fetal manifestations:
 • Myocardial infarction  • Early fetal losses (< 10 weeks)
 • Angina  • Late fetal losses (≥10 weeks)
 • Myocardiopathy  • Live births
 • Vegetations  • Premature births
 • Coronary by-pass rethrombosis  
Renal manifestations:  
 • Glomerular thrombosis  
 • Renal infraction  
 • Renal artery thrombosis  
 • Renal vein thrombosis