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Table 1 Data of previous case reports of endogenous Candida endophthalmitis after renal stone lithotripsy since 2000–2018

From: Unilateral endogenous Candida endophthalmitis after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for a renal stone in an immunocompetent woman: a case report

Author Age (sex) Type of lithotripsy Predisposing factor(s) OD/OS Treatment Time of ocular presentation
Lavine [5] 48 (M) ESWL with ureteral stent Rheumatoid arthritis on oral prednisone, positive urine culture for C. albicans OD Intravitreal injection of amphotericin-B+ intravenous amphotericin-B+ systemic voriconazole One month after ESWL
Yuan Z [6] 54 (M) ESWL with double-J Stent placement Alcoholic liver disease, multiple stones, positive urine culture for C. albicans Bilateral Topical natamycin and fluconazole + systemic voriconazole + bilateral pars plana vitrectomy + silicon oil injection and fluconazole irrigation 7 days after ESWL
Toshikuni [7] 69 (M) ESWL with double-J Stent placement Liver cirrhosis, bladder catheter, candiduria Bilateral Systemic and topical fluconazole 23 days after ESWL
Inn [10] 46 (M) Trans-ureteral lithotripsy with ureteral stent Diabetes mellitus, positive urine culture for C. albicans OD Intravitreal injection of amphotericin-B and voriconazole + intravenous amphotericin-B and voriconazole + oral voriconazole + 2 time pars plana vitrectomy 5 days after trans-urethral lithotripsy
Barbosa [11] 59 (F) Decompressive nephrostomy Obstructive pyelonephritis Bilateral Intravenous fluconazole + intravitreal voriconazole + pars plana vitrectomy One month after nephrostomy