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Table 1 Baseline demographics and ocular characteristics

From: Comparison of surgical outcomes of trabeculectomy, Ahmed shunt, and Baerveldt shunt in uveitic glaucoma

  Total Trabeculectomy Ahmed Baerveldt p value
  n = 147 eyes n = 17 eyes n = 22 eyes n = 108 eyes  
Age (years), M (range) 62 (19–96) 54 (19–72) 61 (22–86) 62 (20–96) 0.15*
Sex, female, % (n) 57 (84) 59 (10) 50 (11) 58 (63) 0.70§
Diabetes, % (n) 14 (20) 6 (1) 9 (2) 16 (17) 0.57
Preop IOP (mmHg), M (range) 35 (19–85) 34 (23–50) 40 (26–58) 33 (19–85) 0.066*
Preop visual acuity (logMAR), M (range) 0.7 (0–3) 0.5 (0–3) 0.6 (0–3) 0.8 (0–3) 0.34*
Preop number of topical glaucoma medications, M (range) 4 (0–5) 4 (0–1) 3 (0–4) 4 (0–5) 0.15*
Preop on systemic glaucoma medications, % (n) 48 (70) 53 (9) 55 (12) 45 (49) 0.66
Preop number of topical anti-inflammatory medications, M (range) 1 (0–3) 1 (0–2) 1 (0–2) 1 (0–3) 0.82*
Preop on systemic immunosuppressants, % (n) 14 (21) 18 (3) 18 (4) 13 (14) 0.63
Prior eye surgery, % (n) 75 (110) 82 (14) 75 (81) 68 (15) 0.60§
Prior glaucoma surgery, % (n) 15 (22) 24 (4) 14 (3) 14 (15) 0.22§
Pseudophakia, % (n) 56 (82) 53 (9) 55 (12) 56 (61) 0.96
Uveitis location, n (%)
 Anterior 127 (86) 13 (76) 20 (90) 94 (87)  
 Intermediate 4 (3) 1 (6) 0 (0) 3 (3)  
 Posterior 4 (3) 2 (12) 1 (5) 1 (0.9)  
 Pan 12 (8) 1 (6) 1 (5) 10 (9)  
Etiology, n (%)
 Idiopathic 91 (62) 12 (71) 11 (50) 69 (64)  
 Herpes simplex virus 18 (12) 2 (12) 1 (5) 15 (14)  
 Sarcoidosis 1 (0.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.9)  
 Birdshot 1 (0.7) 0 (0) 1 (5) 0 (0)  
 Ankylosing spondylitis 2 (1) 0 (0) 2 (9) 0 (0)  
 Vogt-Koyanagi syndrome 6 (4) 1 (6) 2 (9) 3 (3)  
 Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis 3 (2) 1 (6) 1 (5) 1 (0.9)  
 Uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema syndrome 9 (6) 0 (0) 1 (5) 8 (7)  
 Rheumatoid arthritis 5 (3) 1 (6) 0 (0) 4 (4)  
 Syphilis 1 (0.7) 0 (0) 1 (5) 0 (0)  
 Posner-Schlossman syndrome 1 (0.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.9)  
 Fuch’s heterochromic iridocyclitis 1 (0.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.9)  
 Parasite 2 (1) 0 (0) 2 (9) 0 (0)  
 HLA B27 4 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (4)  
 Tuberculosis 1 (0.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (0.9)  
  1. IOP intraocular pressure, logMAR logarithm of minimum angle of resolution, HLA human leukocyte antigen
  2. *Kruskal-Wallis test; Fisher’s exact test; §chi-squared test