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Table 1 Presence of epithelial cells and leukocytes in the cytological examination

From: The value of simple microbiological studies for on-site screening of acute neonatal conjunctivitis in Angola

Cell presence Methylene blue stain Gram stain p value*
N % 95% CI (%) N % 95% CI (%)
   Lower limit Upper limit    Lower limit Upper limit
Epithelial cells LE None 35 36.8 27.35 47.41 12 12.6 6.98 21.41 0.0002
≤ 5 41 43.2 33.16 53.71 43 45.3 35.14 55.78 0.8839
6-9 14 14.7 8.58 23.83 12 12.6 6.98 21.41 0.8328
≥ 10 5 5.3 1.95 12.42 28 29.5 20.79 39.84 < 0.0001
RE None 35 36.8 27.35 47.41 11 11.6 6.2 20.18 0.0001
≤ 5 39 41.1 31.21 51.63 28 29.5 20.79 39.84 0.1289
6-9 15 15.8 9.4 25.03 27 28.4 19.87 38.74 0.0545
≥ 10 6 6.3 2.59 13.77 29 30.5 21.71 40.94 < 0.0001
Leukocytes LE None 88 92.6 84.91 96.73 81 85.3 76.17 91.42 0.1651
≤ 5 5 5.3 1.95 12.42 11 11.6 6.2 20.18 0.1915
6-9 2 2.1 0.37 8.13 3 3.2 0.82 9.61 1.0000
≥ 10 0 0 0 4.84 0 0 0 4.84  
RE None 92 96.8 90.39 99.18 87 91.6 83.61 96.03 0.2140
≤ 5 2 2.1 0.37 8.13 3 3.2 0.82 9.61 1.0000
6-9 1 1.1 0.05 6.56 2 2.1 0.37 8.13 1.0000
≥ 10 0 0 0 4.84 3 3.2 0.82 9.61 0.2445
  1. RE right eye; LE left eye; *Equality proportions test.