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Table 1 Review of the literature of macular holes in a context of intraocular inflammation

From: Spontaneous closure of macular holes secondary to posterior uveitis: case series and a literature review

Etiology Number of cases Study
Behcet's disease 35 [511]
Idiopathic intermediate uveitis 4 [9, 12]
Idiopathic posterior uveitis 2 [9]
Bartonella henselae 2 [13, 14]
Toxoplasmosis 2 [15, 16]
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada 2 [17]
CMV retinitis 1 [9]
HLA B27 1 [18]
Bilateral idiopathic anterior uveitis of unknown etiology 1 [19]
Serpiginous choroiditis 1 [20]
Fungal endophthalmitis 1 [21]
T/NK lymphoma 1 [22]
Presumed histoplasmosis 1 [23]
Immune recovery uveitis in AIDS patients with CMV retinitis 1 [24]