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Table 3 Medical and surgical interventions in elderly, immunocompetent, and elderly immunocompromised non-HIV-infected patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis

From: Retinal arteriolar occlusions due to cytomegalovirus retinitis in elderly patients without HIV

Case Medical treatment Surgical interventions Retinovascular disease
1 Intravenous ganciclovir Diagnostic paracentesis, diagnostic vitrectomy, retinal biopsy Disc neovascularization, rubeosis iridis, ectropion uvea, vitreous hemorrhage
2 Oral valganciclovir, intravitreal foscarnet, intracameral bevacizumab Diagnostic paracentesis, PRP Rubeosis iridis
3 Clarithromycin, atovoquone, valacyclovir, intravenous and oral ganciclovir Diagnostic vitrectomy, trabeculectomy, diagnostic paracentesis, glaucoma drainage device Rubeosis iridis, neovascular glaucoma
4 Prednisone, subtenon triamcinolone, valacyclovir, ganciclovir drug delivery device Diagnostic vitrectomy, CE/IOL Vitreous hemorrhage
5 Intravitreal ganciclovir and foscarnet, valganciclovir Diagnostic paracentesis None
6 Intravitreal ganciclovir and foscarnet, intravenous ganciclovir Diagnostic paracentesis Sclerotic arterioles in Zone I
7 Intravitreal ganciclovir and foscarnet, valganciclovir Diagnostic paracentesis, RD repair None
8 Lost to follow-up Prior diagnostic vitrectomy and PRP, diagnostic paracentesis Vitreous hemorrhage
9 Intravitreal ganciclovir and foscarnet, valganciclovir Diagnostic paracentesis None
10 Valganciclovir Diagnostic paracentesis None
11 Valganciclovir, intravitreal ganciclovir and foscarnet Diagnostic paracentesis None
12 Valganciclovir, intravitreal ganciclovir and foscarnet Diagnostic paracentesis Vitreous hemorrhage
13 Intravenous ganciclovir Diagnostic paracentesis None
14 Intravenous ganciclovir, intravitreal ganciclovir and foscarnet Diagnostic paracentesis RD repair None
15 Intravenous ganciclovir, intravitreal ganciclovir and foscarnet Diagnostic paracentesis None
  1. CE/IOL, cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation; RD, retinal detachment; PRP, panretinal photocoagulation.