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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of seven elderly, immunocompetent, non-HIV-infected patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis

From: Retinal arteriolar occlusions due to cytomegalovirus retinitis in elderly patients without HIV

Case Age/sex/eye Concurrent illnesses/therapy Months from onset to RAO Retinitis extent at RAO zone (clock hours) Diagnostic method Vascular event (vision in affected eye)
1 71/M/OD DM, HTN subtenon injection of triamcinolone 5 Zone II-III (2) Aqueous PCR+ CMV, retinal biopsy with cytomegalic inclusion bodies CRAO (LP)
2 81/M/OD MS, CVA, DM, hyperlipidemia 2 Zone II-III (3) Aqueous PCR+ CMV CRAO (HM)
3 66/M/OS POAG, CLL on no treatment 2 Zone II (1) Vitreous PCR negative, aqueous PCR+ CMV CRAO (HM)
4 77/F/OD PMR, GCA, prednisone 10 mg, subtenon triamcinolone 4 Zone III (1) Vitreous PCR negative, response to ganciclovir CRAO (LP)
5 61/M/OD CHF, HTN, DM, aortic aneurysm 4 Zone II (5) Aqueous PCR+ CMV BRAO (20/30)
6 80/F/OD HTN NA Zone III (1) Aqueous PCR+ CMV Zone I arterial sheathing (20/30)
7 75/M/OD DM, CAD NA Zone I-III (9) Aqueous PCR+ CMV None (HM)
  1. BRAO, branch retinal arteriolar occlusion; CAD, coronary artery disease; CHF, congestive heart failure; CLL, chronic lymphocytic leukemia; CMV, cytomegalovirus; CRAO, central retinal artery occlusion; CVA, cerebral thromboembolic event; DM, diabetes mellitus; F, female; GCA, giant cell arteritis; HM, hand motions; HTN, hypertension; LP, light perception; M, male; MS, multiple sclerosis; NA; not applicable; OD, right eye; OS, left eye; OU, both eyes; PCR+, positive result by polymerase chain reaction; PMR, polymyalgia rheumatica; POAG, primary open angle glaucoma; RAO, retinal arteriolar occlusion; Zone, anatomic area of retina involved with retinitis; Zone I, arcade to arcade with 1-disc diameter border around optic nerve; Zone II, arcades to equator; Zone III, equator to ora.